Euripides’ Trojan Women depicts a complex social structure along with distinct cultural practices using the traditional techniques of lament and debate.
Trojan Women, by Euripides, was produced in 415 BCE during the Peloponnesian war. It is a poetic expression of the horror, futility and consequences of war. The play also throws light on the fate of those defeated by war. The play is presented from the point of view of the conquered.
Trojan Women is a tragedy that is set in the smoking ruins of the city of
The play can be broadly divided into three sections: the first and the third sections consisting of Hecuba’s lament and the second section breaking the lament with a debate. The play Trojan Women begins with a prologue. The prologue in a Greek play serves a dramatic purpose. It is in the prologue that the topic of the tragedy is presented and the setting established. It is usually in the form of a monologue. In the prologue of the Trojan Women, Poseidon, surveys the ruins and desolation of the Trojan plains and mourns the death of his city. He tells us that all the heroes of
Hecuba’s lament is interrupted by the arrival of Talthybius who informs the Trojan women that they have been assigned to different masters. Hecuba’s foremost concern is that of the fate of her daughters Cassandra and Polyxena. Cassandra, who was dedicated to the
Cassandra in her monologue demonstrates how the Trojans were more fortunate than the Greeks. She points out that for the sake of one woman and he passion, the Greeks left behind their homes and families and perished in great numbers. Agamemnon even sacrificed his much loved daughter for the sake of his brother. Proper burial and funeral rites were of great importance in ancient